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Being a tropical plant, frangipani like to grow in warm to hot areas in full sun but will tolerate part shade. However plants grown in a warm to hot position where they get full sun all day will grow and flower far better than those grown in part shade. They prefer fertile free-
If you live in a cooler area and are prone to winter frost, plants can be moved to a warm protected area in late autumn. A hot house is ideal but if you do not have one, place your plant on a concrete path against a brick wall, or even your water tank, where it will be protected from frost and wind and where it will get radiated heat from the path and wall.
Frangipani can be propagated from seed and from cuttings. Allow cuttings to dry for a week before potting in a good quality well draining potting mix. From seed they hybridize and can produce many and varied colour combinations, whereas plants grown from cuttings produce flowers like those of the parent tree, although climatic conditions, soil, PH, etc can influence the depth and intensity of colour.
Heat has the most influence on colour intensity – plants grown in the tropics have deeper colours than those grown in areas with cooler summers, so give your plants as much heat as possible.
Mulching the soil around but away from the tree will keep the roots cool in summer and warm in winter, help to retain moisture, reduce weeds and assist in getting organic matter into the soil and enriching it. Mulch should be kept away from the trunk to avoid rot.
The key to watering is to not over water, particularly if your plant is in clay soil. Frangipanis prefer a good well drained soil and will grow in lesser quality soil, but poorer growth will result. The better the drainage – the better for the plant. They do not require a lot of water and for this reason they are the perfect plant selection for a water wise garden.
If grown in pots, check the moisture in the potting mix by putting your finger into the mix and if it feels moist, do not water. Whether the plant is grown in a pot or in the ground, water well when necessary and let the soil or potting mix dry out before watering again. They do not like to have “wet feet” which can cause the plant to rot.
The most important nutrients for frangipani are nitrogen, phosphorous and potash. Nitrogen is good for green growth, phosphorous for large flowers and healthy roots, and potash assist flowering, and, promoting good plant cell structure and strength, as well as improving disease resistance. During the growing season, an application of liquid fish fertilizer and seaweed solution to the roots and leaves is beneficial. Do not fertilize during dormancy.
To shape the tree or take cuttings for propagation, pruning is best done during late winter or early spring. The cut should be clean and not jagged and should callous over if left alone. When pruning to encourage more branching, take the cutting at least 150cm, or 6 inches from the “Y” section. If you do not want to encourage branching, take the cutting back close to the “Y” section.